Packaging can make products, especially agricultural products, stay longer, can be easily distributed, and can be exported to distant markets. However, in Africa, the packaging market is still limited.
The main reason is of course the cost. But strictly considering the issue of cost is a short-sighted attitude. Because packaging can bring indirect benefits: it can simplify storage management and can enter new markets.
Many companies have already worked hard on packaging. The most active part of the packaging field is undoubtedly the export-related part. In countries known as "leaders," competition in the packaging sector is fierce. There are already two packaging companies in Côte d’Ivoire, and a packaging company that is based in France can even export corrugated cardboard. Most of the fishery products in Senegal are exported to Europe. South Africa can produce a large number of packaging equipment.
There are various types of packaging. Glassware is used to package liquid products, fiber products are used to make packaging bags, metals are used to make cans, and plastics are used to package fruits and vegetables and general bulk materials. Cardboard is probably the most versatile and common packaging material in all packaging materials. As for the wood used to make wicker bags or wooden bags, people are using it less and less in packaging.
All packaging companies have implemented production specialization. They must face direct competition in the same packaging material field, and must also face indirect competition. For example, the packaging of liquid products is simply placing a bet on paperboard packaging materials, plastic packaging materials, and glass packaging product manufacturers.
In general, the development of process technology does not put much pressure on the packaging industry. This is because the development of process technology often takes a long time, and competition can easily digest technological innovations.
Cost is the main determinant of competition. The packaging industry must find the best ratio between the cost of packaging materials and the restrictions on users. The limiting factors contained in various packaging materials are not the same: glass is relatively heavy, fiber bags are less protective of the product, and cardboard is more convenient for handling and handling. The price of packaging itself also depends on the mode of production. The packaging market in Africa is very small, and packaging companies are generally unable to achieve scale operations.
The packaging industry must take into account another reality: the development of international standards. Food exported to Europe must comply with strict regulations. These regulations also involve the packaging industry: Packaging must be brand new and clean. In the packaging of fruits and vegetables for export, all the text symbols must be printed and printed with ink. The glue used must meet the requirements...
In addition, mixed packaging that packages several items at the same time is no longer allowed. If this rule is violated, the packaged goods are in principle not allowed to enter the EU market.
With respect to cardboard packaging, the rules for text symbols on the packaging box are clear: The origin, nature, and sender of the product must be indicated on the packaging box, but the date of the packaging is not required to be stated.
If it is the string beans, tomatoes, cantaloupe, onions, or avocados exported to Europe, the requirements for the letter symbols of the packaging box are more stringent: the type, variety, and big note of the product must be indicated. If the labeling of the product size is false, the importer who is the “first marketer” will be punished (up to three months imprisonment and suspended). Some fruit vegetables, such as tomatoes, are considered sensitive products and require special care. Asparagus is very fragile and must be packed with care. It should be placed in a box and carefully packed. In Senegal, Zimbabwe and Kenya, the export of cherry-like small tomatoes is very prosperous. For such small tomatoes, they must first be placed in a small plastic box and then packaged in cardboard.
"Small vegetables" such as carrots, zucchini, and scallops are specialties of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe exports this kind of vegetables directly to foreign shopping malls. Now, Kenya has also begun to set foot in this market. Before the packaged product was sent to the plane, the vegetables were placed in a small polyester box and covered with a plastic film with bar codes and labels printed on them.
Drainage of green beans in Madagascar, Kenya and Zimbabwe must also comply with stringent regulations when packaging, as this product is intended for direct consumption.
The EU's regulations on health have forced many manufacturers to completely reform their production methods. In particular, fishery products companies in Senegal and Madagascar have to invest more in packaging as long as the EU issues a ban on import threats.
Questions about the packaging of fruits and vegetables. For example, mangoes packed in a carton should be mangoes of the same size, which requires prior selection, and each mango must be intact, which will require great care in picking. After selection, carefully pack it.

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