There are more than 8,000 paint production enterprises in China. According to statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics on coating enterprises with an annual sales income of more than 5 million yuan, in 2000 China's total coating output was 1,839,400 tons, and it has become one of the top four in the world. China's paint production is mainly concentrated in the more economically developed Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. Among them, paint production in East China was the largest, accounting for 41.6% of the country's total output; Central and South China accounted for 30.8%; North China accounted for 16.5%; northeast, southwest, and northwest regions accounted for only 11.1%. The top three rankings for paint annual production were Guangdong (402,600 tons), Shanghai (255,600 tons) and Jiangsu (22,510 tons). It can be seen that the development of the paint industry in China is basically in sync with the regional economic development.
In 2000, the import and export volume of coatings in China was 229 thousand tons (4.97 billion US dollars) and 84,000 tons (140 million US dollars), both of which were based on solvent-based products. The proportion of solvent-based paints in the total import and export of paints was 61.6% and 78.5%, respectively, while the proportion of water-based paints in the total import and export of paints was 38.4% and 21.5%, respectively. The proportion of imported paint water is higher than that of export paint. The average price of imported paint is 2172 US dollars / ton, the average price of export paint is 1672 US dollars / ton, the import price is 30% higher than the export price. This is because imported coatings are mainly high-end products such as automotive coatings, automotive refinish coatings, architectural coatings, specialty coatings, and furniture coatings, while exports are mainly medium and low-end products. The former mainly enters the Chinese market with quality advantages, while the latter mainly go abroad at low prices.
China's main export paint varieties are solvent-based polyester paint, accounting for 40% of total paint exports. The main areas of exports are Hong Kong, North Korea, Russia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and so on. The main varieties of imported coatings are also solvent-based polyester lacquers, accounting for 26.5% of the total imports of coatings. The main areas of imports are Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Japan, the United States, South Korea, Singapore, and the United Kingdom. The proportion of imported paint in domestic paint also rose from 2.35% in 1990 to 12.4% in 2000. The increase in the trade volume of paints indicates that the internationalization of the paint market has been further strengthened and the competition has become fiercer. It also shows that the domestic paint market is even broader.
The development trend of the paint industry is the development of paint production towards the group, scale and specialization. Some world-class companies have made production in a direction of grouping, scale, and specialization through mutual acquisitions, joint ventures, cooperation, and technology transfer, in order to strengthen their competitiveness in a certain product market, and thus achieve globalization and rationalized operations. the goal of. The second is to pay attention to environmental protection and develop "green paint." Traditional low-solids solvent-based coatings contain about 50% organic solvents, which pollute the environment and endanger human health. With the economic development, people are demanding more and more protection for their own living space. Environmental regulations are also increasingly strict, forcing the world's major paint companies to commit themselves to energy-saving and low-pollution waterborne coatings, powder coatings, and high solids coatings. Development and application of radiation curing coatings. Waterborne architectural coatings have become an inevitable trend. Industrial coatings are also evolving toward waterborne coatings, powder coatings, high solids coatings, and radiation cured coatings.
One of the effects of accession to the WTO is the direct impact of tariff reductions. The current import tax rate for paint products is 10.7%, which may fall to 7.4% within a few years after entering the WTO, a decrease of 3.3%. The decline in tax rate will stimulate the growth of China's paint imports, but the fact that paints are not convenient for long-distance transportation will limit the increase in imports. Combining these factors, after China's accession to the WTO, foreign original imported coatings will have a certain impact on the high value-added high-grade paint market, but it will have little impact on the low-end paint market. At present, a considerable number of raw materials used in the coating industry in China rely on imports, such as rutile titanium dioxide, paint additives, aliphatic isocyanates, trimethylolpropane, metal pigments, high-grade organic pigments, and inorganic pigments. After China's accession to the WTO, 70% of the chemical product tax rate will be reduced from the current more than 10% to 5.5% to 6.5% in 2005, chemical raw material tax rate in 2008 further fell to 2%, and even individual products will reach zero tariffs. This is very favorable for China's coating companies to obtain smoothly imported raw materials with low prices, good quality, matching series of varieties, and after-sales services, and to produce high-quality coating products and enhance their competitiveness.
Therefore, if we only consider the impact of tax rates, the advantages of joining the WTO for the paint industry in China outweigh the disadvantages. The second is the deep-seated impact brought about by the multilateral agreements reached in accordance with the basic principles of the WTO. On the one hand, it is a severe challenge. The paint industry belongs to the traditional manufacturing and processing industry, and it is impossible to enjoy the protection policies for automobiles, electronics, agriculture, finance, insurance, telecommunications and other industries that China enjoys as a developing country in accession to the WTO, and it is subject to greater pressure. (To be continued)

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